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The production and distribution of gas

The production and distribution of gas

In the 40's ( forties ), of the XIX century, nobody knowed in Florence how to produce gas.There were 24 people, from the chief till the five fire-men, encharged in the administration of the production work shops.The toughest job was to be a fire-men, engaged between the strongest men, frequently they were unemployed country mens, that offered theireselfs during the winter season, when the need of the light was essential.The other two phases of the work were the distillation and distribution assigned to other workers.

Particularly delicated was the depuration phase, over where the gas reached the gasometers, two big iron bells with a diameter of 6 meters and a height of 3.From the gasometer automatically was passed trough pipes and at last arrived at the gas-jet without wasting great leaks.
Between all, the figure that became the most familiar, in the aspect of production and distibution of gas, was the lighter, his job consisted in lighting lamps and lanterns and in controling its functions.
Unknown place and for this reason even more charming, the gasometer insipired, in 1870, the famous sonnet of Renato Fucini, entitled"Er gasse"("The gas"):

C'è 'n terra tante asse 
Ripiene d'un motriglio giallo giallo. 
Poi c'è dell'acqua, 'n celte stanze basse;
C'éne de' tubi di ferro metallo,
C'è de' folnelli, c'è 'r carbone a masse….
C'è tante rote e 'un c'è neanch'un cavallo!
Tu vedessi che puzzo di bitume! 
E quand'è fatto va drent'un condotto, 
E piglia fòo. Bimbo mio che lume!

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